The 11 Kinds of Insomnia
You don't have to lie awake for hours past your bedtime to have insomnia. The condition can manifest itself in several ways.
Yes, you may have trouble falling asleep (known as sleep-onset insomnia), but some people have problems staying asleep (sleep-maintaining insomnia) or waking up too early (early morning awakening).
Sleep specialists may look for an underlying cause, such as a medical condition or psychological issue. Here are 11 classifications of insomnia, developed by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.
Behavioral insomnia of childhood
- Other sleep disorders
- Medical problems
- Psychiatric disorders
- Stressful events
- Medication use
- Other behaviors
Insomnia due to a drug or substance
- A food item
Insomnia due to a medical condition
Insomnia nonorganic, unspecified
The name may also be used on a temporary basis while further evaluation and testing are completed. It is the name used when a person with insomnia does not meet the criteria for another type of insomnia.
Insomnia organic, unspecified
People with this disorder often report little or no sleep for one or more nights. They also describe having an intense awareness of the external environment or internal processes consistent with being awake. This awareness suggests a state of hyperarousal. A key feature is an overestimation of the time it takes them to fall asleep. They also underestimate their total sleep time.
People with this sleep disorder worry too much about their insomnia and about being tired the next day. As a result, they learn to become tense and anxious as bedtime approaches. They may have racing thoughts that all relate to insomnia and trying to fall asleep. As they worry about falling asleep, they become more and more tense, which makes it less likely that they will be able to fall asleep.